Title of Abstract

The Potential Pathway from Oppositional Defiant Disorder/Conduct Disorder to Antisocial Personality Disorder

Submitting Student(s)

Kayce Champion

Faculty Sponsor (for work done with a non-Winthrop mentor)

Darren Ritzer, Ph.D.; Merry Sleigh, Ph.D.; Sarah Reiland, Ph.D.; & Michael Lipscomb, Ph.D.

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Department

Psychology

Abstract

There is plausible evidence and research to suggest that childhood diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a predictor for conduct disorder (CD) and can be used for a potential diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). The purpose of this study is to explore the possible relationships of the diagnoses of ODD and CD to the diagnosis of ASPD. This research will provide a background understanding of all the disorders; catalog their similar symptoms, treatments, and possible origins to establish a connection between the disorders proposing ODD and CD are possible predictors of ASPD. Data used within the study include correlational data of childhood diagnoses of ODD, CD, and ADHD and the measurements of present antisocial behavioral patterns from ODD to CD that can match to ASPD diagnostic criteria. Results of the study find overlap of ODD and CD diagnoses in childhood as well as comorbidity with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can present antisocial behaviors that correlate with ASPD diagnosis. The research also reveals a strong correlation in ODD and CD serving as possible antecedents of adult diagnoses of mental disorders. Overall, the research provides a deeper look at the overlapping diagnoses and the duration of symptoms such as defiance, aggression, and inability to follow social norms in childhood to adulthood and how the symptoms of ODD and CD are likely a precursor to emerging symptoms present in ASPD.

Start Date

15-4-2022 12:00 PM

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Apr 15th, 12:00 PM

The Potential Pathway from Oppositional Defiant Disorder/Conduct Disorder to Antisocial Personality Disorder

There is plausible evidence and research to suggest that childhood diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a predictor for conduct disorder (CD) and can be used for a potential diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). The purpose of this study is to explore the possible relationships of the diagnoses of ODD and CD to the diagnosis of ASPD. This research will provide a background understanding of all the disorders; catalog their similar symptoms, treatments, and possible origins to establish a connection between the disorders proposing ODD and CD are possible predictors of ASPD. Data used within the study include correlational data of childhood diagnoses of ODD, CD, and ADHD and the measurements of present antisocial behavioral patterns from ODD to CD that can match to ASPD diagnostic criteria. Results of the study find overlap of ODD and CD diagnoses in childhood as well as comorbidity with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can present antisocial behaviors that correlate with ASPD diagnosis. The research also reveals a strong correlation in ODD and CD serving as possible antecedents of adult diagnoses of mental disorders. Overall, the research provides a deeper look at the overlapping diagnoses and the duration of symptoms such as defiance, aggression, and inability to follow social norms in childhood to adulthood and how the symptoms of ODD and CD are likely a precursor to emerging symptoms present in ASPD.