Title of Abstract

Effect of a Single Bout of Yoga on Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Happiness of College Students

Session Title

Sport, Mentorship, and Development

College

College of Education

Department

Department of Physical Education, Sport, and Human Performance

Faculty Mentor

Joni Boyd, Ph.D.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a single bout of yoga on happiness, self-esteem, and self-efficacy for exercise in a volunteer sample of 25 college students from a public university in the southeastern United States. Previous research explored long-term effects of yoga on mental health, but the effects of a single bout of yoga are unclear. Volunteers from a summer-session yoga course completed 26 items on demographics, happiness, self-esteem, and self-efficacy for exercise before and after their first 30-minute yoga session. Dependent t-tests showed no significant differences in pre- and post-test scores of measured variables: % happy (M = 62.7; M = 62.9; p = -0.031), % unhappy (M = 23.2; M = 25.1; p = -0.442), % neutral (M = 33.5; M = 30.6; p = 0.459), self-esteem (M = 28.8; M = 29.6; p = -0.362), self-efficacy to exercise (M = 16.0; M = 17.4; p = -1.077). Although no significance was found, future research should focus on the impact of yoga (both single-bout and long-term effects) on health variables in a larger sample and within diverse populations. Future research should also consider the effects of other exercise protocols, including steady-state aerobic, high-intensity interval training, and resistance training.

Previously Presented/Performed?

SAEOPP McNair/SSS Scholars Research Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, June 2018; Southeast American College of Sports Medicine (SEACSM) Annual Meeting, Greenville, South Carolina, February 2019

Grant Support?

Supported by a Ronald E. McNair Post-Baccalaureate Achievement Program grant from the U.S. Department of Education

Start Date

12-4-2019 1:30 PM

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Apr 12th, 1:30 PM

Effect of a Single Bout of Yoga on Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Happiness of College Students

DIGS 221

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a single bout of yoga on happiness, self-esteem, and self-efficacy for exercise in a volunteer sample of 25 college students from a public university in the southeastern United States. Previous research explored long-term effects of yoga on mental health, but the effects of a single bout of yoga are unclear. Volunteers from a summer-session yoga course completed 26 items on demographics, happiness, self-esteem, and self-efficacy for exercise before and after their first 30-minute yoga session. Dependent t-tests showed no significant differences in pre- and post-test scores of measured variables: % happy (M = 62.7; M = 62.9; p = -0.031), % unhappy (M = 23.2; M = 25.1; p = -0.442), % neutral (M = 33.5; M = 30.6; p = 0.459), self-esteem (M = 28.8; M = 29.6; p = -0.362), self-efficacy to exercise (M = 16.0; M = 17.4; p = -1.077). Although no significance was found, future research should focus on the impact of yoga (both single-bout and long-term effects) on health variables in a larger sample and within diverse populations. Future research should also consider the effects of other exercise protocols, including steady-state aerobic, high-intensity interval training, and resistance training.