Title of Abstract

Modeling the Dynamics of Glioblastoma Multiforme and Cancer Stem Cells

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Department

Mathematics

Faculty Mentor

Dr. Zach Abernathy & Dr. Kristen Abernathy

Abstract

We extend the work of Kronik, Kogan, Vainstein, and Agur (2008) by incorporating the cancer stem cell hypothesis into a treatment model for Glioblastoma Multiforme. Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) are a specialized form of tumor cell with normal adult stem cell properties. CSCs are believed to be one of the primary reasons for cancer recurrence since they are more resilient to current treatment practices and are able to repopulate the tumor. We present a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations that describes the interaction between cancer stem cells, tumor cells, and alloreactive cytotoxic-T-lymphocytes (CTLs). Under the assumption of constant treatment, we present conditions on the treatment amount that leads to a locally stable cure state. We also explore a more biologically accurate treatment schedule in which CTLs are injected periodically. In the case of periodic treatment, we numerically establish treatment schedules that lead to cancer persistence, cancer recurrence, and cancer eradication. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis of our parameters and a discussion of biological implications.

Recognized with an Award?

Winner, Outstanding Undergraduate Student Presentation Award, Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference, Greensboro, North Carolina, November 2015

Previously Presented/Performed?

11th Annual Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, November 2015

Grant Support?

Supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health IDeA Networks for Biomedical Research Excellence (NIH INBRE)

Start Date

22-4-2016 3:00 PM

End Date

22-4-2016 3:15 PM

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Apr 22nd, 3:00 PM Apr 22nd, 3:15 PM

Modeling the Dynamics of Glioblastoma Multiforme and Cancer Stem Cells

DiGorgio Campus Center, Room 222

We extend the work of Kronik, Kogan, Vainstein, and Agur (2008) by incorporating the cancer stem cell hypothesis into a treatment model for Glioblastoma Multiforme. Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) are a specialized form of tumor cell with normal adult stem cell properties. CSCs are believed to be one of the primary reasons for cancer recurrence since they are more resilient to current treatment practices and are able to repopulate the tumor. We present a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations that describes the interaction between cancer stem cells, tumor cells, and alloreactive cytotoxic-T-lymphocytes (CTLs). Under the assumption of constant treatment, we present conditions on the treatment amount that leads to a locally stable cure state. We also explore a more biologically accurate treatment schedule in which CTLs are injected periodically. In the case of periodic treatment, we numerically establish treatment schedules that lead to cancer persistence, cancer recurrence, and cancer eradication. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis of our parameters and a discussion of biological implications.