Date of Award

5-2019

Document Type

Thesis

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Degree Program

Biology

Degree Name

Master of Science

Thesis Advisor

William Rogers

Committee Member

Janice Chism

Committee Member

Laura Glasscock

Abstract

The mechanisms for monogamy have evolved several times throughout history across various taxa in accordance with selective pressures. In vertebrates, monogamy is facilitated by the formation and the maintenance of social pair-bonds between mates. Social pair-bonds are a form of selective attachment that require complex neurobiological pathways in order to develop and continue. These neurobiological pathways are often regulated by neuroendocrine mechanisms, such as the release of the two neuroendocrine nonapeptides, oxytocin and arginine vasopressin, in specific parts of the brain or body. These neuroendocrine peptides play a big role in social and sexual behaviors. In prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) they influence affiliation toward mates and aggression toward conspecifics. Although, oxytocin can affect such physiological processes in the body as parturition and heart rate, as well as social behaviors such as affiliation, matedefense, and social recognition, these effects are largely species-specific. In prairie voles, oxytocin primarily affects female social behaviors but not those of males’. In other species, however, that is not necessarily the case. For example, in zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) and convict cichlids (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) exogenous oxytocin agonists or antagonists appear to influence social pair-bond formations in both males and females. Agonists tend to promote social pair-bonds while antagonist delay or prevent social pair-bonds. I, therefore, hypothesized that endogenous oxytocin levels in monogamous convict cichlids would increase as a social pair-bond develops and would decrease after the paired mates are separated.

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