Event Title

Physical Fitness Components and Posture Screening of Female Competitive Dancers

Poster Number

37

Presenter Information

Kirstin Ramirez, Winthrop University

Faculty Mentor

Janet Wojcik, Ph.D.

College

College of Education

Department

Physical Education, Sport, and Human Performance

Location

Richardson Ballroom

Start Date

24-4-2015 1:20 PM

End Date

24-4-2015 2:50 PM

Description

The purpose of this study is to evaluate and fill the lack of information on physical fitness components, posture, amount of pain experienced, and past injuries of female competitive dancers at the pre-professional level. Fifteen female dancers were tested between the ages of 15-18 years old. The participants performed a three-minute step test, push-ups and crunches test, sit-and-reach test, and a posture screen. These measurements were analyzed and correlated. The BMI values were healthy for age, except for two dancers, and postural deviations were minimal. Aerobic endurance was above the 75th percentile in eight dancers; all dancers but one scored below the 40th percentile in abdominal endurance, and over half scored above the 60th percentile in push-ups. Lastly, flexibility was high, with almost all dancers above the 75th percentile. There were no significant correlations of BMI and aerobic endurance (r = 0.025), crunches and push-ups (r = 0.33), and flexibility and posture (r = -0.19, r = 0.17). The most pain reported was in the lower back (n = 8) and most injuries reported were in the ankles (n = 4) and lower back (n = 4). In conclusion, there is a need for dancers to improve overall muscular fitness, with potential to prevent further injuries and pain experienced from dance. More data should be collected in this population and comparison groups such as professional dancers.

Comments

Kristin Ramirez is a McNair Scholar.

Presented at the South Carolina TRiO McNair Symposium, June 2014; the SAEOPP McNair/SSS Scholars Research Conference, June 2014; and the Annual Meeting of the Southeast Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine (SEACSM), February 2015

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Apr 24th, 1:20 PM Apr 24th, 2:50 PM

Physical Fitness Components and Posture Screening of Female Competitive Dancers

Richardson Ballroom

The purpose of this study is to evaluate and fill the lack of information on physical fitness components, posture, amount of pain experienced, and past injuries of female competitive dancers at the pre-professional level. Fifteen female dancers were tested between the ages of 15-18 years old. The participants performed a three-minute step test, push-ups and crunches test, sit-and-reach test, and a posture screen. These measurements were analyzed and correlated. The BMI values were healthy for age, except for two dancers, and postural deviations were minimal. Aerobic endurance was above the 75th percentile in eight dancers; all dancers but one scored below the 40th percentile in abdominal endurance, and over half scored above the 60th percentile in push-ups. Lastly, flexibility was high, with almost all dancers above the 75th percentile. There were no significant correlations of BMI and aerobic endurance (r = 0.025), crunches and push-ups (r = 0.33), and flexibility and posture (r = -0.19, r = 0.17). The most pain reported was in the lower back (n = 8) and most injuries reported were in the ankles (n = 4) and lower back (n = 4). In conclusion, there is a need for dancers to improve overall muscular fitness, with potential to prevent further injuries and pain experienced from dance. More data should be collected in this population and comparison groups such as professional dancers.