Event Title

Brain-Penetrating Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor RG2833 Reduces the Growth and Viability of Malignant Melanoma Cells In Vitro

Presenter Information

Lauren Green, Winthrop University

Faculty Mentor

Matthew Stern, Ph.D.

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Department

Biology

Location

DiGiorgio Campus Center, Room 221

Start Date

24-4-2015 3:35 PM

Description

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play an important role in the epigenetic control of gene expression in both normal and cancer cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that pharmaceutical inhibition of HDACs can kill and/or suppress the growth of cancer cells. RG2833 is a brain-penetrating HDAC inhibitor that targets specific HDACs known to be active in cancer cells. Melanoma cells have previously been shown to respond to HDAC inhibitors that are structurally similar to RG2833. Thus, we hypothesized that the inhibition of HDAC activity by RG2833 would result in the reduced growth and/or death of cells from the malignant melanoma cell lines SK-MEL-5 and SK-MEL-28. To test our hypothesis, we exposed SK-MEL-5 and SK-MEL-28 cells to increasing concentrations of RG2833. We found that concentrations of RG2833 that effectively inhibited HDAC activity also resulted in reduced melanoma cell growth and viability. These results demonstrate the effectiveness of RG2833 in reducing the growth and viability of malignant melanoma cells in vitro and warrant further investigation of the potential therapeutic use of RG2833 and related compounds in the battle against cancer.

Comments

Presented at the SAEOPP McNair/SSS Scholars Research Conference, June 2014

Supported by an NIH-INBRE grant from the National Center for Research Resources and the National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Winner, Winthrop University McNair Scholar Among Scholars Award, 2014

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Apr 24th, 3:35 PM

Brain-Penetrating Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor RG2833 Reduces the Growth and Viability of Malignant Melanoma Cells In Vitro

DiGiorgio Campus Center, Room 221

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play an important role in the epigenetic control of gene expression in both normal and cancer cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that pharmaceutical inhibition of HDACs can kill and/or suppress the growth of cancer cells. RG2833 is a brain-penetrating HDAC inhibitor that targets specific HDACs known to be active in cancer cells. Melanoma cells have previously been shown to respond to HDAC inhibitors that are structurally similar to RG2833. Thus, we hypothesized that the inhibition of HDAC activity by RG2833 would result in the reduced growth and/or death of cells from the malignant melanoma cell lines SK-MEL-5 and SK-MEL-28. To test our hypothesis, we exposed SK-MEL-5 and SK-MEL-28 cells to increasing concentrations of RG2833. We found that concentrations of RG2833 that effectively inhibited HDAC activity also resulted in reduced melanoma cell growth and viability. These results demonstrate the effectiveness of RG2833 in reducing the growth and viability of malignant melanoma cells in vitro and warrant further investigation of the potential therapeutic use of RG2833 and related compounds in the battle against cancer.